Cancer of the prostate usually affects males over the age of 50 and is uncommon in younger men under the age of 50. It is currently the most common cancer in males. Currently in the UK around 37,000 males are diagnosed with this cancer every year.
Prostate cancer is different to other forms of cancer because it occurs in commonly develops small areas within the prostate and can lie dormant for tears.
It’s believed that around 50% of men over the age of 50 could have cancer cells in their prostate, and around 80% of men over the age of 80 have a small area of prostate cancer. The majority of these cancers are very slow to grow and mainly in elderly men and the chances of them causing problems is unlikely.
There is a small proportion of men where prostate cancer may grow quicker and perhaps in some cases spread to other parts of the body, notably the bones.
Early (Localised) Prostate Cancer
This cancer of the prostate is when the cancer is only present in the prostate and has not spread into the surround tissues or into other parts of the body. It can also be referred to as localised cancer.
Locally advanced prostate Cancer
This type of prostate cancer is when the cancer has spread into the tissues surround the prostate gland; Cancer that has spread into other parts of the body is referred to as metastatic Cancer.
It is uncommon for males with early prostate cancer to have any symptoms, symptoms only occurs when the cancer is large enough to add pressure onto the urethra (tube that drains urine from the bladder). For males over the age of 50, the prostate gland commonly gets larger due to a non-cancerous condition referred to as benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Benign enlargement of the prostate gland and malignant tumours (cancer) share similar symptoms and can include the following;
- Pain when passing urine
- Difficultly passing urine
- Needed to the pass urine more frequently than normal , commonly during the night
- Blood present in urine
If any of the symptoms are present it is very important that you visit your doctor and consult whether a prostate examination is necessary,
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Symptoms of Advanced Prostate Cancer
For advanced prostate cancer the symptoms may include those that are due to an enlarged prostate as listed above, or further those that are the result of secondary cancers in other place in the body.
Secondary cancer systems will depend on the location in the body where the secondary cancers exist. Although here are a few general symptoms with males can experience including Tiredness, Feeling unwell and have less of an appetite.
Treatment for Locally Advanced Cancer
For individuals with locally-advanced prostate cancer the treatment options are as follows
- Radio therapy
- Hormonal therapy
- Watching waiting (observation
Combinations of these treatments will often be used to treat prostate cancer. When deciding on the best treatment for the individual a number of factors are taken into consideration. The most important of these factors are as follows;
- Your PSA level (protein produced by prostate cancer cells)
- General Health of individual
- Possible side effects of treatment
- Has the individual had treatment before
Treatment for Advanced prostate cancer.
Again there are many treatment options available for advanced prostate cancers that include the following;
- Hormonal Therapy
If prostate cancer spreads beyond the prostate gland and if starting to affect other parts of the body, it is then unable to be cured. Although tre4aemnt can control the cancer for several years and improve the quality of life for the individual by relieving symptoms.